11 October 2021

Chapter 3:   THE PEOPLE

Section 4:   Regional and other groups

 

Five members belonging to the Non-Aligned Movement will sit on the Security Council in 2022

 

Of the countries serving terms on the Security Council in 2022, five will be full members of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM):  Gabon, Ghana, India, Kenya and the United Arab Emirates. This is the lowest number since 2017, and represents a drop of one since 2021, and of two since 2019 and 2020.  In 2012, a high of eight Council members belonged to the Movement. 

 

A sixth incoming member of the 2022 Security Council – Brazil – has observer status with the Movement, as does elected member Mexico and permanent members China and the Russian Federation.

 

With 120 full members, the Non-Aligned Movement is the world’s second largest international organization after the United Nations itself, which has 193 members.  When the additional 18 States which have observer status with the Non-Aligned Movement are considered, only 55 UN Member States lack a NAM affiliation.

 

As described in the book (pages 145-146), the NAM was originally defined by its independence from both the “Western bloc” of the United States and its European and other allies, and the Soviet Union and other Communist States.  Although markedly less than during the Cold War, the Non-Aligned Movement today can still be an important identification for those elected Council members which belong to it.  As described in the book,

 

“Under a convenor, which rotates each month in alphabetical order, the non-aligned Council members meet periodically as a ‘caucus’, usually at the level of permanent representative. . . .  Membership in the NAM also ties the non-aligned Council members to the very active NAM membership in the wider UN system. . . .  The NAM as a whole has a Joint Coordinating Bureau, in conjunction with the broader ‘Group of 77’ developing countries, which coordinates action on specific issues, some of which relate to matters before the Security Council, particularly the situation in the Middle East.  Occasionally, the country chairing the Non-Aligned Movement at the United Nations makes a statement on behalf of the NAM in the Council’s open debates . . .”

 

The NAM members serving on the Council since 2010 are as follows:

 

2022 (5):  Gabon, Ghana, India, Kenya, United Arab Emirates

2021 (6):  India, Kenya, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia, Viet Nam. 

2020 (7):  Dominican Republic, Indonesia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Tunisia, Viet Nam

2019 (7):  Côte d’Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, Kuwait, Peru, South Africa

2018 (6)   Bolivia, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Peru

2017 (4)   Bolivia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Senegal

2016 (5)   Angola, Egypt, Malaysia, Senegal, Venezuela

2015 (7)   Angola, Chad, Chile, Jordan, Malaysia, Nigeria, Venezuela

2014 (5)   Chad, Chile, Jordan, Nigeria, Rwanda

2013 (6)   Azerbaijan, Guatemala, Morocco, Pakistan, Rwanda, Togo

2012 (8)   Azerbaijan, Colombia, Guatemala, India, Morocco, Pakistan, South Africa, Togo

2011 (6)   Colombia, Gabon, India, Lebanon, Nigeria, South Africa

2010 (4)   Gabon, Lebanon, Nigeria, Uganda

 

(This update supplements pages 145-146 of the book.)